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Matted Hair:  Ten Tips For Removing Mats from Your Dog's Coat

Matted Hair on your dog? 

First of all, don’t panic—if you have a small breed dog that has long hair, you will probably encounter a tangle or mat at some point.

In Long haired dogs, matted hair happen! 

We’ve lived with a lot of long haired dog dogs over the years, and I mean lots!  Even with daily brushing, some dogs manage to get their hair tied up in knots, but removing them may be easier than you think.

All dogs need to be brushed from time to time, even short haired dogs.  Small breeds that have coats that continue to grow present much larger grooming issues, especially those whose owners choose to keep their coats long.

Rather than the occasional brushing that a short haired dog requires, owners with dogs such as poodles, Shih Tzu, Lhasa, Maltese, Yorkies, Bichons, Pekingese, Poms and many others have coats that require daily brushing.  If such a breed goes too long without a thorough brush and comb out, mats are going to take over. 

Matted Hair on the Shih Tzu

All mats are not alike.  Small matted dog hair can occur daily because your long haired dog is continually shedding dead hairs.  This shedding process is not like those breeds that leave hair all over your house.  Rather, the long haired dog sheds its hair into the coat causing small mats to form. 

As new hairs grown in, mats can occur very close to the skin. 

Shih Tzu dogs have very thick coats made up of two layers:  A dense outer coat and a soft cottony inner coat.    

Brushing the outer coat will make the dog look good, but may not get at all the mats.  Sometimes the only way to assure that the dog has been brushed thoroughly is to go over the entire body with a metal comb.

Matted hair not only make the coat look disheveled, they actually add to a dog’s distress and cause skin irritation.  When this happens, the dog bites at its skin or tries to scratch causing the mat to grow in size and the hair to get even more tangled. A severely matted dog is not a happy dog.

Small mats or knots are easy to remove if the dog is brushed daily or several times a week.  Larger knots form when a part of the dog’s coat has been neglected for some time. 

Even with proper training and socialization to the grooming process, some long haired dog dogs do not like parts of their body brushed. 

Under the front legs, the legs themselves, behind the ears and at the base of the tail are areas that often knot if not brushed frequently. 

These are also areas that are very sensitive to the dog so the dog protests when these areas are being brushed.

Even if you do not do all of your own grooming at home, brushing and combing is very important for preventing mats from forming. 

Groomers will often charge by the hour for removing mats and so your bill can get high quickly.  So the best advice for a matted dog is prevention! 

But, what do you do if the daily schedule has prevented you from your usual brushing and combing sessions and you end up with a matted dog?

Matted Hair on a Puppy/Adolescent Shih Tzu

A Shih Tzu Puppy will begin to grow an adult coat anytime after about 6 months of age.  This is the time when the undercoat develops and the puppy acquires the double coat:  A long straight outer coat and a cottony soft inner coat. 

The coat grows quickly during this time providing the puppy has a good high quality diet and is otherwise healthy.  As the coat grows, it will develop mats and tangles easily if not brushed daily. 


The only way to avoid the matted hair is to brush and comb daily.

Tips For Reducing Tangles and Matted Hair

  1.  Always brush your dog before you give him a bath.  The bath water tends to set the mats making them even harder to remove. Use a good quality dog shampoo followed by a conditioning rinse.

  2. Use a blow dryer after a bath.  Blow the dog’s hair as you brush.  You can brush in the direction the hair grows as well as in the opposite direction.  Brush or comb a section of hair as you are drying the hair.  Hand held dryers that have stands work really well if you need an extra hand.  If you are using a dryer without a stand, you can create a temporary stand by rolling up a small towel and placing the dryer on it.  Use a low, cool setting and monitor the dryer carefully so that the air intake is never blocked by the towel.

  3. Never brush a dog without first spraying it with a styling product such as a de-tangling spray or a diluted conditioning spray.  Brushing and combing dry hair will tend to split it and you are likely to be fighting against static electricity. Please see below for my de-tangling spray suggestions.

  4. Use a pin brush and part the hair with a rat tail comb so that you are brushing small sections at a time.  Begin at the lowest portion of the dog (paws) and work up the sides and then to the back and head. 

  5. After brushing the entire dog, go back with a steel comb and comb the hair completely.  You are likely to find some mats that were missed with the pin brush.  Use a slicker brush for styling and making the coat look sleek and beautiful. 

  6. Never brush the same area more than 10 strokes at a time.  Go onto another section and come back if necessary.  Brushing in one area, even if you know that knots are present, only tends to irritate the skin (and the dog).

Supplies for Removing Mats

There are many great products on the market for removing mats, but the ones I've listed here are ones I've used or use and can recommend.  They can all be purchased through Amazon and if you do purchase one or more directly from this site, I receive a small commission.  Although tiny, everything helps to keep this site up and growing, so I appreciate you very much.

Steel Comb
(aka a Greyhound Comb)

A comb is a "must have" if you own a Shih Tzu

Master Grooming Tools Fine/Coarse Steel Greyhound Comb

As you can see, this steel comb has two sides. 

Comb the hair first using the side where the teeth are farther apart and finish with the finer side. Use the fine side for faces.

Use the edge of the comb to pick at small mats.

Conair Dog Comb with Memory Gel Grip, Medium

Combs also come with handles made of plastic, wood, or gel.  This gel one feels very good in your hands and is very reasonable. 

The soft handle reduces hand fatigue especially if you are using if to remove more than a couple small mats.

De-tangling Comb

Safari De-Matting Comb for Dogs

Dematting Combs have longer, sharper teeth that cut through mats but won't cut delicate skin if used properly. 

If your Tzu tends to mat easily, this is a tool you might want to keep handy.


Undercoat Rake for Dogs and Other Pets with Medium and Long Coat. Comb Comes with 13 Round 360-degree Rotating Teeth Removing Undergrowth in Minutes with No Stress to Pet. Sturdy Brush with Rubber Ergonomic Grip. Professional Tool From Ebelyn.

Like the name suggests, rakes move through the hair, removing loose and dead hair before it becomes tangled. 

This one is good for Shih Tzu dogs because of its size and the fact that its pins rotate. 

Rakes with rotating pins tend to be more gentle on the hair and my dogs don't even seem to care that their coat is being raked!

Spray Conditioners

You can make your own by first purchasing a small spray bottle.  Add a small amount of your favorite dog conditioner (about a tablespoon), then fill with water and shake.  Add more or less conditioner depending o nyour preference.  Or, purchase a ready made spray.  Here are a couple of my favorites.

How to Remove Tangles from Matted Hair

Small Mats

You will need:  Your fingers and a steel comb

  • To remove small mats, isolate the mat with your fingers
  • Use your forefinger and thumb to separate the mat into smaller pieces
  • Tiny mats may be pulled out gently with your fingers
  • Slightly larger mats can then be gently combed out using a steel comb
  • Do not yank on the mat or pull roughly.
  • Dogs will remember something that is painful and will not be so eager to have their mats pulled out in the future

Slightly Larger Mats

You will need: Steel Comb, undercoat rake, or dematting comb

  • Place your dog on a table or on your lap
  • Isolate the tangle.
  • Comb through the mat very gently to loosen it from the dog's skin.  Do not try to pull it out at this stage.
  • Use the end of the comb and gently break up the mat as you hold the hair closest to the skin.  The dog should not feel any pain because you are holding the hair and preventing it from pulling his skin.
  • For larger mats and for everyday combing, use an undercoat rake to remove loose hairs and small mats
  • Repeat several times as needed to break up the mat.
  • When most of the mat has been dislodged, comb through the hair.

Remove Large Mats

You will need:  Dematting Combs or rake, Steel Comb, Scissors (optional)

  • Position the dog on a table or your lap
  • Use a de-matting comb or rake
  • While holding the hair closest to the skin, Carefully move the comb under and through the knot.
  • Repeat this as needed until most of the knot has been removed
  • Finish removing any small mats that are remaining using your fingers or edge of the steel comb.
  • Scissor method (Optional):  Use this method on Dogs that Remain Still Only
  • If you must use a pair of scissors, place them closest to the skin and cut outwards towards the ends of the hair.  Never cut in the opposite direction as you are likely to cut the dog.
  • Once the mat has been sliced into smaller pieces, use your dematting comb, steel comb or fingers to complete the job.
  • Finish by combing through the hair to assure that the mat has been removed

If All Else Fails, Get the Clippers

If the dog’s mats cannot be removed in any of the ways above, the dog may need to be shaved down using a clipper.   If you will be clipping the hair, you will want to start with a #5 blade and work up to a number 10 blade if the other blades will not move through the mats.  A number 10 blade will shave the dog practically down to the skin, so be prepared.

Once the hair is very short, daily brushing will help keep the hair mats under control.

Matted Hair Survival Guide:  Keep it Positive

Don’t forget to keep everything positive and stop at the first signs of stress.  Several short grooming sessions are better than one very long one.

Dogs seem to have a keen memory of distressful situations and will avoid them in the future.  So, if your dog is really matted, it is better to shave him down or have the groomer do this rather than subjecting him to any painful de-matting.

You might get the job done, but if it meant hurting the dog, you will have lost the dog’s confidence in you as a D.I.Y. Groomer and protest the next time you try to groom him.  Finish off any grooming session on a positive note with a hug, praise and a treat if you like.

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