Matted Hair on your dog? First of all, don’t panic—if you have a small breed dog that has long hair, you will probably encounter a tangle or mat at some point.
In Long haired dogs, matted hair happen! We’ve lived with a lot of long haired dog dogs over the years, and I mean lots! Even with daily brushing, some dogs manage to get their hair tied up in knots, but removing them may be easier than you think.
All dogs need to be brushed from time to time, even short haired dogs. Small breeds that have coats that continue to grow present much larger grooming issues, especially those whose owners choose to keep their coats long.
Rather than the occasional brushing that a shot haired dog requires, owners with dogs such as poodles, Shih Tzu, Lhasa, Maltese, Yorkies, Bichons, Pekingese, Poms and many others have coats that require daily brushing. If such a breed goes too long without a thorough brush and comb out, mats are going to take over.
All mats are not alike. Small matted dog hair can occur daily because your long haired dog is continually shedding dead hairs. This shedding process is not like those breeds that leave hair all over your house. Rather, the long haired dog sheds its hair into the coat causing small mats to form.
As new hairs grown in, mats can occur very close to the skin. Shih Tzu dogs have very thick coats made up of two layers: A dense outer coat and a soft cottony inner coat. Brushing the outer coat will make the dog look good, but may not get at all the mats. Sometimes the only way to assure that the dog has been brushed thoroughly is to go over the entire body with a metal comb.
Matted hair not only make the coat look disheveled, they actually add to a dog’s distress and cause skin irritation. When this happens, the dog bites at its skin or tries to scratch causing the mat to grow in size and the hair to get even more tangled. A severely matted dog is not a happy dog.
Small mats or knots are easy to remove if the dog is brushed daily or several times a week. Larger knots form when a part of the dog’s coat has been neglected for some time. Even with proper training and socialization to the grooming process, some long haired dog dogs do not like parts of their body brushed. Under the front legs, the legs themselves, behind the ears and at the base of the tail are areas that often knot if not brushed frequently. These are also areas that are very sensitive to the dog so the dog protests when these areas are being brushed.
Even if you do not do all of your own grooming at home, brushing and combing is very important for preventing mats from forming. Groomers will often charge by the hour for removing mats and so your bill can get high quickly. So the best advice for a matted dog is prevention! But, what do you do if the daily schedule has prevented you from your usual brushing and combing sessions and you end up with a matted dog?
A Shih Tzu Puppy will begin to grow an adult coat anytime after about 6 months of age. This is the time when the undercoat develops and the puppy acquires the double coat: A long straight outer coat and a cottony soft inner coat. The coat grows quickly during this time providing the puppy has a good high quality diet and is otherwise healthy. As the coat grows, it will develop mats and tangles easily if not brushed daily. The only way to avoid the matted hair is to brush and comb daily.
You will need: Your fingers and a steel comb
You will need: Steel Comb
You will need: Dematting Combs or rake, Steel Comb, Scissors (optional)
If the dog’s mats cannot be removed in any of the ways above, the dog may need to be shaved down using a clipper. If you will be clipping the hair, you will want to start with a #5 blade and work up to a number !0 blade if the other blades will not move through the mats. A number 10 blade will shave the dog practically down to the skin, so be prepared.
Once the hair is very short, daily brushing will help keep the hair mats under control.
Don’t forget to keep everything positive and stop at the first signs of stress. Several short grooming sessions are better than one very long one.
Dogs seem to have a keen memory of distressful situations and will avoid them in the future. So, if your dog is really matted, it is better to shave him down or have the groomer do this rather than subjecting him to any painful de-matting.
You might get the job done, but if it meant hurting the dog, you will have lost the dog’s confidence in you as a D.I.Y. Groomer and protest the next time you try to groom him. Finish off any grooming session on a positive note with a hug, praise and a treat if you like.
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