Shih Tzu Eye Care by Janice Jones |Published 04-07-2020
It seems unusual to place eye care under the category of grooming, but in some ways it makes sense. Eye care can be a separate category all together, but placing them within a grooming routine can make a great deal of sense. A routine grooming schedule that includes eye care will make sure that eyes are never excluded from your attention. And, that is so important because eye care is vital to the heath of your dog.
Shih Tzu eyes should be bright without visible debris and the standard calls for eye whites to be at a minimum. Most Shih Tzu eyes are brown but can also be green or blue. Regardless of eye color, placement on the face, or hair style, Shih Tzu eye care will be the same.
Eye care is especially important for certain small breed dogs, especially those brachycephalic breeds where eyes are prominent and vulnerable for injury. Eyes in long haired breeds are also at risk because hair continues to grow over and around eyes making them prone to injury just based on the hairs that continue to grow around the eyes. Excessive discharge around the eyes is often the first symptom that causes a dog parent to be concerned. But what causes eye discharge in dogs?
When you begin to see a clear eye discharge, there are good chances that allergies or something that is irritating your dog’s eyes such as dust, or a foreign body has entered your dog’s eyes. A foreign object could be as simple as an eyelash or hair that is irritating the eye. Trauma is another issue that can happen very quickly and lead to devastating outcomes such as the loss of an eye.
Just like people, dogs can get pink eye or conjunctivitis. Basically, this is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the tissue that covers the front part of the eye and lines the eyelids. Brachycephalic breeds that have short noses are more at risk for developing this problem. Conjunctivitis causes a yellowish-green puss to develop due to allergies, injuries, birth defects or tear duct problems, dry eye or even tumors.
To treat conjunctivitis, it's important to learn what's causing it. Depending on the cause, treatment can include: removing the irritant and soothing the area with pain medication; antibiotics and saline washes to manage infection; surgery to treat duct problems or birth defects; antihistamines for allergies; or other medications.
Watery, teary eyes -- resulting in stained or smelly fur and/or infected skin -- can also be the result of many conditions, including abnormal eyelashes, inflammation, allergies, corneal ulcers and blocked tear ducts. This condition is extremely common in the Shih Tzu breed.
When there is an anatomical problem, blocked tear ducts may be to blame. Tears will drain down the face rather than back onto the eye and lubricating the eye as these should. These blocked, tear ducts will need the attention of a veterinarian. In other cases, there are problems with eyelashes irritating the eye, and growing in the wrong direction.
Any irritation whether it is environmentally induced such as dust or pollens on the eye, or genetic abnormalities require the expert help of a veterinarian. If you have ruled out any probably cause, the next step is to set up a daily checklist to keep those eyes as clean as possible.
Shih Tzu dogs are both a long haired breed as well as considered a brachycephalic breed. Eye problems can occur very quickly and deprive your dog of sight if not treated quickly.
If you can get into the habit of cleaning your dog’s eyes on a daily basis, you will be much more successful in eliminating a variety of problems.
Each dog is different, so finding a daily routine that fits each and every dog may not be practical. Some Shih Tzu dogs are kept in long coats where face hair is extremely long but controlled. Others are groomed bi-monthly and hair is clipped around the face, eyes, and head to prevent hairs from irritating the cornea. Whatever situation you find yourself in, there are a few simple steps you can take to assure your dog ‘s eyes are well cared for.
First, you don’t need to have a professionally ophthalmologist or even a magnifying glass to check your dog’s eyes. All you need is good lighting and your own vision. Obviously, if you have poor vision yourself, you might want to use a simple magnifying glass to observe for irritations in your Shih Tzu’s Eyes.
The first step for your daily Shih Tzu eye care is a quick examination: Look for irritants, including hairs, dust, or other objects that might be merging close to your dog’s eyes. Look for crusty debris such as dried tears that need to be removed. Observe for moist areas such as mucus that is accumulating under your dog’s eyes.
You will need good lighting but you shouldn’t require any special tools. If your own vision is great, consider a small hand magnifying glass and a pen light. Dogs don’t like having a light shown in their eyes, so if you are not checking for pupil changes, don’t shine the light directly on their eyes.
All of these irritants will need to be removed.
Are you trying to grow your Shih Tzu’s coat out to its originally long length? This is not an easy task after a Shih Tzu’s coat has been trimmed, but still doable. To keep stray hairs from touching the eyes once the decision to regrow the coat, use products such as petroleum jelly or grooming aids that will manage the hair until the hair has reached the length that can prevent loose hairs can touch the eye.
Dry Eye or Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) results when there is an inadequate supply of tears. Any condition that interferes with the body's natural ability to produce tears can cause dry eye.
You can use over the counter solutions to help your dog with dry eye. But before you begin, please check with your veterinarian to rule out other causes. An eye drop several times a day will keep your dog’s eyes feeling fresh and pain-free by just using an over the counter human remedy.
If this doesn’t work and your Shih Tzu seems stressed, your vet can prescribe other eye ointments that will give your Shih Tzu some relief. How do you know if your dog is stressed out by painful or irritated eyes?
If you can answer yes to one or more of these questions, then it’s time to see the vet.
Does your Shih Tzu need to wear goggles to protect their eyes? Some do, especially those that enjoy walks in the woods or where they may encounter irritants that put them at risk for loosing an eye.
Windy days can be especially hard on eyes. If you live in an area where there are frequent high winds, especially those that pick up dirt and dust, then purchasing a pair of goggles might be the best investment you can make.
Sometimes puppies and adult dogs play very hard and get into scuffles that become a bit more than rough and tumble play. If you are worried your dogs are going to injure each other’s eyes during a vigorous play session, then googles might make sense.
If you regularly take your dog along on runs, bike rides or on a motorcycle, goggles will help make the activity much safer.
Most goggles also provide UV protection and many are water-proof, ideal for wearing on the beach.
Measure your dog and match your dog's measurements to the product sizing guide for best fit.
Protecting and caring for your Shih Tzu’s eyes might be one of the best gifts you can give your dog. Naturally, blind dogs can manage and live long lives, but why risk it when you can invest only a few minutes each day to care for their eyes.